JSON Module

Andrei Dragus

Voice Sistem SRL

Edited by

Andrei Dragus

Revision History
Revision $Revision: 8742 $$Date: 2012-02-22 18:34:34 +0100 (Wed, 22 Feb 2012) $

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1.1. Overview
1.2. Dependencies
1.2.1. OpenSIPS Modules
1.2.2. External Libraries or Applications
1.3. Exported Parameters
1.4. Exported Variables
1.4.1. Variable lifetime
1.4.2. Accessing the $json(id) variable
1.4.3. Returned values from $json(id)
1.4.4. Operators for the $json(id) variable
1.5. Exported Functions
1.5.1. json_link("$json(dest_id)", "$json(source_id)")

List of Examples

1.1. Accessing the $json variable
1.2. Iterating through an array using variables
1.3. Appending integers to arrays
1.4. Deleting the last element in an array
1.5. Adding a string value to a json object
1.6. Initializing an array
1.7. Setting a boolean or null value
1.8. Adding a json to another json
1.9. Creating a reference
1.10. [LOGICAL ERROR] Creating a circular reference

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1.1. Overview

This module introduces a new type of variable that provides both serialization and de-serialization from JSON format.

The variable provides ways to access objects and arrays to add,replace or delete values from the script.

The correct approach is to consider a json object as a hashtable ( you can put (key;value) pairs, and you can delete and get values by key) and a json array as an array ( you can append, delete and replace values).

Since the JSON format can have objects inside other objects you can have multiple nested hashtables or arrays and you can access these using paths.

1.2. Dependencies

1.2.1. OpenSIPS Modules

This module does not depend on other modules.

1.2.2. External Libraries or Applications

  • libjson The libjson library can be downloaded from: http://oss.metaparadigm.com/json-c/

1.3. Exported Parameters

The module does not export any parameters.

1.4. Exported Variables

This module exports the $json(id) variable.

The json variable provides methods to access fields in json objects and to access indexes in json arrays.

1.4.1. Variable lifetime

The json variables will be available to the process that created them from the moment they were initialized. They will not reset per message or per transaction. If you want to use the on a per message basis you should initialize them each time.

1.4.2. Accessing the $json(id) variable

The grammar that describes the id is:

id = name(identifier)*

identifier = key | index

key = /string | /$var

index = [integer] | [$var] | []

The "[]" index represents appending to the array. It should only be used when trying to set a value and not when trying to get one.

Negative indexes can be used to access an array starting from the end. So "[-1]" signifies the last element.

IMPORTANT: The id strictly complies to this grammar. You should be careful when using spaces because they will NOT be ignored. This was done to allow keys that contain spaces.

Variables can be used as indexes or keys. Variables that will be used as indexes must contain integer values. Variables that will be used as keys should contain string values.

Trying to get a value from a non-existing path (key or value) will return the NULL value and notice messages will be placed in the log describing the value of the json and the path used.

Trying to replace or insert a value in a non-existing path will cause an error in setting the value and notice messages will be printed in the log describing the value of the json and the path used

Example 1.1. Accessing the $json variable

$json(obj1/key) = "value"; #replace or insert the (key,value)
			   #pair into the json object;
$json(matrix1[1][2]) = 1;  #replace the element at index 2 in the element
			   #at index 1 in an array

xlog("$json(name/key1[0][-1]/key2)"); # a more complex example


Example 1.2. Iterating through an array using variables


$json(ar1) := "[1,2,3,4]";

$var(i) = 0;

while( $json(ar1[$var(i)]) )

	#print each value

	#increment each value
	$json(ar1[$var(i)])  = $json(ar1[$var(i)]) + 1 ;

	$var(i) = $var(i) + 1;



1.4.3.  Returned values from $json(id)

If the value specified by the id is an integer it will be returned as an integer value.

If the value specified by the id is a string it will be returned as a string.

If the value specified by the id is any other type of json ( null, boolean, object, array ) the serialized version of the object will be returned as a string value. Using this and the ":=" operator you can duplicate json objects and put them in other json objects ( for string or integer you may use the "=" operator).

If the id does not exist a NULL value will be returned.

1.4.4.  Operators for the $json(id) variable

There are 2 operators available for this variable.  The "=" operator

This will cause the value to be taken as is and be added to the json object ( e.g. string value or integer value ).

Setting a value to NULL will cause it to be deleted.

Example 1.3. Appending integers to arrays

$json(array1[]) = 1;

Example 1.4. Deleting the last element in an array

$json(array1[-1]) = NULL;

Example 1.5. Adding a string value to a json object

$json(object1/some_key) = "some_value";
...  The ":=" operator

This will cause the value to be taken and interpreted as a json object ( e.g. this operator should be used to parse json inputs ).

Example 1.6. Initializing an array

$json(array1) := "[]";

Example 1.7. Setting a boolean or null value

$json(array1[]) := "null";
$json(array1[]) := "true";
$json(array1[]) := "false";

Example 1.8. Adding a json to another json


$json(array) := "[1,2,3]";
$json(object) := "{}";
$json(object/array) := $json(array) ;


1.5. Exported Functions

1.5.1.  json_link("$json(dest_id)", "$json(source_id)")

This function can be used to link json objects together. This will work simillar to setting a value to an object, the only difference is that the second object is not copied, only a reference is created.

Changes to any of the objects will be visible in both of them.

You can use this method either to create references so each time you access the field you don't have to go through the full path (for speed efficiency and shorter code), or if you have an object that must be added to many other objects and you don't want to copy it each time (space and speed efficiency).

You can think of this object exactly as a reference in an object-oriented language. Modifying fields referenced by the variable will cause modifications in all the objects, BUT modifying the variable itsef will not cause any changes to other objects.

WARNING: You should be carefull when using references. If you accidentally create a circular reference and try to get the value from the object you will crash OPENSIPS.

Example 1.9. Creating a reference


$json(b) := "[{},{},{}]";


$json(stub/ana) = "are"; #add to the stub
$json(stub/ar) := "[]";
$json(stub/ar[]) = 1;
$json(stub/ar[]) = 2;
$json(stub/ar[]) = 3;

$json(b[0]/ar[0]) = NULL; # delete from the original object

xlog("\nTest link :\n$json(stub)\n$json(b)\n\n");


Test link :
{ "ana": "are", "ar": [ 2, 3 ] }
[ { "ana": "are", "ar": [ 2, 3 ] }, { }, { } ]


$json(stub) = NULL; #delete the stub, no change will happen to the source

xlog("\nTest link :\n$json(stub)\n$json(b)\n\n");

/* Output:

Test link :
[ { "ana": "are", "ar": [ 2, 3 ] }, { }, { } ]



Example 1.10. [LOGICAL ERROR] Creating a circular reference


$json(b) := "[1]";

/* NEVER do this, it is meant only to show where problems might occur  */
json_link("$json(b[0])","$json(b)"); # replace 1 with a reference to b

xlog("\nTest link :\n$json(stub)\n$json(b)\n\n");

/* this will cause OPENSIPS to crash because it will continuously try
 to get b, then b[0], then b ... */