SipTrace Module

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

Edited by

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

Revision History
Revision $Revision: 8740 $$Date$

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1.1. Overview
1.2. Dependencies
1.2.1. OpenSIPS Modules
1.2.2. External Libraries or Applications
1.3. Exported Parameters
1.3.1. trace_on (integer)
1.3.2. trace_local_ip (str)
1.3.3. trace_id (str)
1.4. Exported Functions
1.4.1. sip_trace(trace_id, [type, [trace_attrs]])
1.5. Exported MI Functions
1.5.1. sip_trace
1.6. Database setup
1.7. Known issues

List of Examples

1.1. Set trace_on parameter
1.2. Set trace_local_ip parameter
1.3. Set trace_id parameter
1.4. sip_trace() usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1.1. Overview

Offer a possibility to store incoming/outgoing SIP messages in database. Since version 2.2, proto_hep module needs to be loaded in order to duplicate with hep. All hep parameters moved inside proto_hep.

The 2.2 version of OpenSIPS came with a major improvement in siptrace module. Now all you have to do is call sip_trace() function with the proper parameters and it will do the job for you. Now you can trace messages, transactions and dialogs with the same function. Also, you can trace to multiple databases, multiple hep destinations and sip destinations using only one parameter. All you need now is defining trace_id parameters in modparam section and switch between them in siptrace function. Also you cand turn tracing on and off using trace_on either globally(for all trace_ids) or for a certain trace_id.

IMPORTANT: In 2.2 version support for stateless trace has been removed.

The tracing tracing can be turned on/off using fifo command.

opensipsctl fifo sip_trace on opensipsctl fifo sip_trace [some_trace_id] on

opensipsctl fifo sip_trace off opensipsctl fifo sip_trace [some_trace_id] off

1.2. Dependencies

1.2.1. OpenSIPS Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • database module - mysql, postrgress, dbtext, unixodbc... only if you are using a database type trace id

  • dialog - only if you want to trace dialogs.

  • tm - only if you want to trace dialogs/transactions.

  • proto_hep - only if you want to replicate messages over hep.

1.2.2. External Libraries or Applications

The following libraries or applications must be installed before running OpenSIPS with this module loaded:

  • None.

1.3. Exported Parameters

1.3.1. trace_on (integer)

Parameter to enable/disable trace (on(1)/off(0))

Default value is "1"(enabled).

Example 1.1. Set trace_on parameter

modparam("siptrace", "trace_on", 1)

1.3.2. trace_local_ip (str)

The address to be used in the fields that specify the source address (protocol, ip and port) for locally generated messages. If not set, the module sets it to the address of the socket that will be used to send the message. Protocol and/or port are optional and if omitted will take the default values: udp and 5060.

Default value is "NULL".

Example 1.2. Set trace_local_ip parameter

#Resulting address: udp:
modparam("siptrace", "trace_local_ip", "")

#Resulting address: tcp:
modparam("siptrace, "trace_local_ip", "tcp:")

#Resulting address: tcp:
modparam("siptrace", "trace_local_ip", "tcp:")

#Resulting address: udp:
modparam("siptrace", "trace_local_ip", "")

1.3.3. trace_id (str)

Specify a destination for the trace. This can be a hep id defined in proto_hep, sip uri or a database url and a table. All parameters inside trace_id must be separated by ;, excepting the last one. The parameters are given in key-value format, the possible keys being uri for HEP and SIP IDs and uri and table for databases. The format is [id_name]key1=value1;key2=value2;. HEP id's MUST be defined in proto_hep in order to be able to use them here.

One can declare multiple types of tracing under the same trace id, being identified by their name. So if you define two database url, one hep uri and one sip uri with the same name, when calling sip_trace() with this name tracing shall be done to all the destinations.

All the old parameter such as db_url, table and duplicate_uri will form the trace id with the name "default".

No default value. If not set the module will be useless.

Example 1.3. Set trace_id parameter

/*DB trace id*/
modparam("siptrace", "trace_id",
/* hep trace id with the hep id defined in proto_hep; check proto_hep docs
 * for more information */
modparam("proto_hep", "hep_id",  "[hid]")
modparam("siptrace", "trace_id", "[tid]uri=hep:hid")
/*sip trace id*/
modparam("siptrace", "trace_id",
/* notice that they all have the same name
 * meaning that calling sip_trace("tid",...)
 * will do sql, sip and hep tracing */

1.4. Exported Functions

1.4.1.  sip_trace(trace_id, [type, [trace_attrs]])

Store or replocate current processed SIP message,transaction or dialogin database. It is stored in the form prior applying chages made to it. The traced_user_avp parameter is now an argument to sip_trace() function. Since version 2.2, sip_trace() also catches internally generated replies in stateless mode(sl_send_reply(...)).


Meaning of the parameters is as follows:

  • trace_id (string, pvar) the name of the trace_id specifying where to do the tracing.

  • type (string) what do you want to trace: dialog, transaction or only the message. If not specified, will try the topmost trace that can be done: if dialog module loaded will trace dialogs, else if tm module loaded will trace transaction and if none of these loaded will trace messages.

    Types can be the following:

    • 'm'/'M' trace messages. Is the only one you should use in stateless mode.

    • 't'/'T' trace transactions. If tm module not loaded, it will be in stateless transaction aware mode meaning that will catch selected requests both in and out and internally generated replies.

    • 'd'/'D' trace dialog

  • trace_attrs (string,pvar) this parameter replaces the traced_user_avp from the old version. To avoid duplicating an entry only for this parameter, whatever you put here(string/pvar) shall be stored in the trace_attrs column in the sip_trace table.

Example 1.4. sip_trace() usage

/* see declaration of tid in trace_id section */
	$var(trace_id) = "tid";
	$var(user) = "";

/* Example 1: how to trace a dialog  */
	if (has_totag()) {
	} else {
		if (is_method("INVITE") {
			sip_trace("$var(trace_id)", "d", "$var(user)");
/* Example 2: how to trace initial INVITE and BYE */
	if (has_totag()) {
		if (is_method("BYE")) {
			sip_trace("$var(trace_id)", "m", "$var(user)")
	} else {
		if (is_method("INVITE")) {
			sip_trace("$var(trace_id)", "m", "$var(user)")

/* Example 3: trace initial INVITE transaction */
	if (!has_totag()) {
		if (is_method("INVITE")) {
			sip_trace("$var(trace_id)", "t", "$var(user)");
/* Example 4: stateless transaction aware mode!*/
/* tm module must not be loaded */
	if (is_method("REGISTER")) {
		sip_trace("$var(trace_id)", "t", "$var(user)");
		if (!www_authorize("", "subscriber")) {
			/* siptrace will also catch the 401 generated by www_challenge() */
			www_challenge("", "1");

1.5. Exported MI Functions

1.5.1.  sip_trace

Name: sip_trace


  • trace_id/trace_mode : if it is a trace_id name it dumps info about that trace id if the second parameter is not set to on/off or it turns tracing on/off for a certain trace id if it is set, else if it's on/off it turns on/off tracing for all the trace ids. If you turn global trace on but some of the trace ids had trace to off, then they shall not do tracing. In order to do that you have to set the trace_on parameter for each trace_id. Possible values are:

    • on

    • off

    • trace_id name

    The parameter is optional - if missing, the command will return the status of the SIP message tracing (as string “on” or “off”) marked with global and the status for each trace id without changing anything.

  • trace_mode : this parameter has the same meaning as the trace_mode in the first parameter, but this time it enables/disables tracing for a certain trace id given in the first parameter.

MI FIFO Command Format:


1.6. Database setup

Before running OpenSIPS with siptrace, you have to setup the database tables where the module will store the data. For that, if the table were not created by the installation script or you choose to install everything by yourself you can use the siptrace-create.sql SQL script in the database directories in the opensips/scripts folder as template. You can also find the complete database documentation on the project webpage,

1.7. Known issues

ACKs related to a transaction that are leaving OpenSIPS are not traced since they are handled statelessly using forward_request function. Fixing it would mean to register a fwdcb callback that would be called for all the messages but would be used only by ACKs, which would be highly ineffective.